Ghana’s housing industry caters to a teeming population of about 25 million people. According to Ghana’s housing policy, Ghana’s housing deficit is estimated to be in excess of 1.7 million units and to be able to clear this deficit and accommodate new households, we require a minimum annual delivery of about 170,000 units for the next 10 years. Housing units differ and the distinctive types of houses are more evident in major Ghanaian cities like Accra and Kumasi.
In Ghana, there are two major types of houses; the traditional houses and modern houses. The types of housing one would pick is usually dependent on factors such as location, family needs and, most importantly, finances.This article is going to focus more on modern Ghanaian housing.
Before that, let’s briefly look at what the traditional housing in Ghana is.
Traditional housing in Ghana
Traditional houses long existed in Ghana as far back as the 10th century and can still be found in the rural areas.
These houses are constructed with locally available materials -mud, thatch, grass – hence have a lesser durability compared to modern houses. The structure, look and materials used in traditional housing are largely dependent on the weather conditions in the location, available materials and ethnic groups.
In recent times, Toa House Ghana has also introduced a new kind of eco-housing in Ghana, although not too popular yet.
Toa uses plastic bottles to build affordable homes, as a result reducing waste through reuse and recycling.
Beside is a picture of a typical plastic bottle house.
Just so we don’t drift away from our main focus of this article, let’s look at the different types of modern housing that are available on the Ghanaian real estate scene.
Types of modern housing in Ghana
These houses are usually ideal for young adults, the lower working class and single people on a budget. As the name connotes, they are one-room housing units.
In Ghana, There are two major types of single rooms – the normal single room and the slightly more expensive counterpart known as the ‘single room self- contained’.
In compound houses, you will usually find single rooms. A compound house usually consists of a number of single room and chamber and hall units on the same compound with shared toilet and bathroom facilities.
The houses are built in such a way that the units face each other leaving a compound in the middle. In this case, an occupant of a single room will share the toilet and bathroom facilities with other occupants of the compound house while a person that occupies a ‘single room self-contained’ unit would have a private bathroom, toilet and kitchenette in the unit.
Single room self-contained is the local term for a studio apartment. This housing type is one of the cheapest forms of accommodation one can find in Ghana.
Chamber and Hall
In a compound house, you are likely to find a chamber and hall, like the single room. Low-income earners, singles or small families usually patronise this type.
The main difference between the chamber and hall and the single room is that the former comes with two rooms, one serving as a bedroom and the other a living room.
There are also variations of the chamber and hall housing unit.
One can find a ‘chamber and hall self-contained’ unit where the occupant doesn’t share bathroom facilities with other tenants but has a kitchenette and bathroom of their own in the unit. It can be likened to a 1 bedroom apartment.
Detached /Semi-detached /Self Contained Houses
These are usually 2 or 3 bedroom houses, walled and gated. Families especially like to own or rent these types of houses.
Westerners call it ‘single family homes’. Newly married couples and working class Ghanaians find this type ideal.
Most people who build their own homes prefer this type of housing as well. Some even make the property available for rent as offices.
In recent times, due to improvements in the real estate sector, most developers have invested in detached /self-contained houses. As a result, realtors are planning and building gated communities with rows of these type of houses. The most popular gated community projects include Manet Courts, Lakeside Estates, Regimanuel Estates and many others.
Ironically, in Ghana, apartments are a more pricey accommodation option.
Thus mostly patronised by upper-income Ghanaians and expatriates here for a few months or years.
Their standards can match up to those of their counterparts in more developed countries. They boast of nicely shared amenities including pools, gyms and terraces that reflect the taste and lifestyle of the occupants. Condominiums are flats which are available for sale.
Townhouses are similar two to three level houses which have a shared wall in between. In Ghana, these are quite different than townhomes abroad.
In prime residential areas, you will find townhouses, since they are more modern developments.
This type is usually occupied by wealthier sections of the Ghanaian population.
Some of these houses are likely to phase out as people increasingly invest in Ghana’s real estate. However, as it stands, no matter what your housing needs are, there is certainly a pick out of these that will surely suit you, and online real estate marketplaces like meQasa make it easier to find a new home.